WHO (World Health Organization) defines mental health as a state of physical and psychological well-being of an individual. The positive dimension of mental health is also stressed in her definition of health as also contained in its constitution: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”
WHO reported that People with mental disorders experience disproportionately higher rates of disability and mortality. For example, persons with major depression and schizophrenia have a 40% to 60% greater chance of dying prematurely than the general population, owing to physical health problems that are often left unattended [such as cancers, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and HIV infection) and suicide.
For long in Africa, people have not got enough knowledge about mental illness therefor the community members associate it to witchcraft because people have not clearly distinguished the difference between the two societal challenges that are so problematic in the society, therefore, most people who are victim of mental illness ended up under the care of traditional healers and of which in my own opinion, may have received wrong treatment for a wrong diagnosis. Does this solve the problem?
I imagine Some of these mismanaged cases of mental illness now display in the communities, streets of different towns, where the victims are left to suffer psychologically and ponder on their own, stigmatized by the community members because of the situation.
Mental health is basically concern with thinking, feeling and acting, and such an individual usually feels confident, productive and engage in the community hence able to overcome social challenges. Ironically mentally ill people may act in deviant ways, for instance, have suicidal ideation, isolate the self from others, have bad dreams among others.
Mental health problems are triggered by many issues of which among them is traumatic events, grief, continues hardship, addiction, and human abuse. This can be clearly distinguished from witchcraft related problems based on signs and symptoms.
Everyone is entitled to a healthy life and I believe so with mental health so we need to take responsibility and take care of mental health and in the same way, report any suspected mental illness to mental health units or mental health professionals for medical attention and management immediately.
Daniel comboni ocen